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Component analysis of cultivated ginseng and mountain ginseng to the change of ginsenoside components in the process of heating and fermentation.
Cha, Bae-Cheon; Yoon, Hye-Chul; Lee, Dae-Ho; Park, Jae-Seuk; Kwon, Ki-Rok
Abstract
Objectives: The aim of this experiment is to provide an objective differentiation of cultivated ginseng, mountain ginseng through component analysis, and to know the change of gin senoside components in the process of heating and fermentation Methods: Comparative analyses of ginsenoside $\small{Rb_1}$, $\small{Rb_2}$, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf, $\small{Rg_1}$, $\small{Rg_3}$, $\small{Rh_1}$, and $\small{Rh_2}$, from the cultivated ginseng 4 and 6 years, and mountain cultivated ginseng were conducted using HPLC (High Performance Liquid Chromatography, hereafter HPLC). And the same analyses were conducted in the process of heating and fermentation using mixed Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Bifidobacterium lactis for 7 days. Results: The change of ginsenosides to the process of red ginseng and fermentation, cultivated ginseng and mountain cultivated ginseng were showed another results. Mountain ginseng showed a lot of change compared with cultivated ginsengs. In the 7 days of fermentation, mountain ginseng showed that ginsenoside $\small{Rg_1}$, $\small{Rb_1}$, $\small{Rb_2}$, Rc, and Rd were decreased and increased ginsenoside Re, Rf, $\small{Rg_3}$ and $\small{Rh_1}$ were increased compared with cultivated ginseng Conclusions: It seemed that ginsenosides of mountain cultivated ginseng was better resolved than cultivated ginseng because the difference of structure or distribution of ginsenosides in the condition of fermentation.
Keywords
ginsenoside; cultivated ginseng; mountain ginseng; red ginseng; fermentation
Open Access
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.